Career Development

Bakken, L. L., Byars-Winston, A., Gundermann, D. M., Ward, E. C., Slattery, A., King, A., … Taylor, R. E. (2010). Effects of an Educational Intervention on Female Biomedical Scientists’ Research Self-Efficacy. Advances in Health Sciences Education : Theory and Practice, 15(2), 167–183.

Branchaw, J., Pfund, C., McDaniels, M., Black, S. (2021). Training PhD Students to Successfully Navigate Research Mentoring Relationships. Letter in the Chronicle of Higher Education.

Butz, A. R., and Branchaw, J. L. (2020). Entering Research Learning Assessment (ERLA): Validity evidence for an instrument to measure undergraduate and graduate research trainee development. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 19(2), ar18.

Byars-Winston, A., Gutierrez, B., Topp, S., and Carnes, M. (2017). Integrating Theory and Practice to Increase Scientific Workforce Diversity: A Framework for Career Development in Graduate Research Training. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 10(4). 

Clement, L., Dorman, J. B., and McGee, R. (2019). The Academic Career Readiness Assessment: Clarifying hiring and training expectations for future life sciences faculty. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 19(2). 

Ellinas, E. H., Kaljo, K., Patitucci, T. N., Novalija, J., Byars-Winston, A., and Fouad, N. A. (2019). No room to “lean in”: a qualitative study on gendered barriers to promotion and leadership. Journal of Women’s Health, 28(3), 393-402.

Estrada, M., Burnett, M., Campbell, A. G., Campbell, P. B., Denetclaw, W. F., Gutiérrez, C.G., Hurtado, S., John, G.H., Matsui, J., McGee, R., Moses Okpodu, C., Joan Robinson, T., Summers, M.F., Werner-Washburne, M., and Zavala, M. (2016). Improving underrepresented minority student persistence in STEM. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 15(3), es5.

Harwood, E. M., Jones, A. R., Erickson, D., Buchwald, D., Johnson‐Hemming, J., Jones, H. P., Manson, S., McGee, R., Smith, A., Steer, C.J., and Vishwanatha, J. K. (2019). Early career biomedical grantsmanship self‐efficacy: validation of an abbreviated self‐assessment tool. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1445(1), 17-26.

Jacob, R.R., Gacad, A., Pfund, C. et al. The “secret sauce” for a mentored training program: qualitative perspectives of trainees in implementation research for cancer control. BMC Med Educ 20, 237 (2020). 

Jones, H., McGee, R., Weber-Main, AM., Buchwald, D., Manson, S., Vishwanatha, J., Okuyemi, K. (2017). Enhancing research careers: an example of a US national diversity-focused, grant-writing training and coaching experiment. BioMed Central Proceedings. 11 (Suppl 12):14. PMCID: PMC5773888: PMID: 29375659

Lee, S., & Branchaw, J. (2021, May 3). Pause, Breathe, Reflect and Reset. Inside Higher Ed.

McGee, R., and Keller, J.L. (2017). Identifying Future Scientists: Predicting Persistence Into Research Training. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 6(4). 

McGee, R., Lee, S., Pfund, C., Branchaw, J. (2015). Beyond “Finding Good Mentors” to “Building and Cultivating your Mentoring Team.” National Postdoctoral Association: Advancing Postdoc Women Guidebook

Naffziger, M., Richardson-Stovall, J., Williams, S., and McGee, R. (2012). Beyond Mentoring: Academic Career “Coaching” as a Supplement to the Traditional Training of Biomedical PhD Students. 5th Annual Conference on Understanding Interventions that Broaden Participation in Research Careers, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

O’Connell, K., Hoke, K., Berkowitz, A., Branchaw, J., and Storksdieck, M. (2020). Undergraduate learning in the field: Designing experiences, assessing outcomes, and exploring future opportunities. Journal of Geoscience Education, 1-14.

Padek, M., Mir, N., Jacob, R.R., Chambers, D.A., Dobbins, M., Emmons, K.M., Kener, J., Kumanyika, S., Pfund, C., Proctor, E.K., Stange, K.C., and Brownson, R.C. (2018). Training scholars in dissemination and implementation research for cancer prevention and control: a mentored approach. Implementation Science, 13(18). 

Popp, B.V., and Richards-Babb, M. (2018). The Chemistry REU Program at West Virginia University. In Best Practices for Chemistry REU Programs (pp. 85-106). American Chemical Society.

Remich, R., Jones, R., Wood, C.V., Campbell, P., and McGee, R. (2016). How Women in Biomedical PhD Programs Manage Gender Consciousness as They Persist Toward Academic Research Careers. Academic Medicine, 91(8), 1119-1127. 

Remich, R., Naffziger-Hirsch, M.E., Gazley, J.L., and McGee, R. (2017). Scientific Growth and Identity Development during a Postbaccalaureate Program: Results from a Multisite Qualitative Study. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 15(3). 

Sancheznieto, F. (2021). How to keep the next generation of brilliant scientists. TEDxChicago.

Sancheznieto, F., & Byars-Winston, A. (2021). Value, Support, and Advancement: An Organization’s Role in Faculty Career Intentions in Academic Medicine. Journal of Healthcare Leadership, 13, 267–277.

Sorkness, C. A., Scholl, L., Fair, A. M., and Umans, J. G. (2019). KL2 mentored career development programs at clinical and translational science award hubs: Practices and outcomes. Journal of clinical and translational science, 4(1), 43-52.

Stobart-Gallagher, M., and O’Connell, A. (2018). Preparing osteopathic students for the single graduate medical education accreditation system: evaluating factors for match success in emergency medicine. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 19(5), 820

Williams, S. N., Thakore, B. K., and McGee, R. (2016). Career Coaches as a Source of Vicarious Learning for Racial and Ethnic Minority PhD Students in the Biomedical Sciences: A Qualitative Study. PLoS ONE, 11(7), e0160038.

Consensus Studies and Commissioned Papers

Culturally Aware Mentorship

Butz, A. R., Spencer, K., Thayer-Hart, N., Cabrera, I. E., and Byars-Winston, A. (2018). Mentors’ motivation to address race/ethnicity in research mentoring relationships. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 12(3), 242–254.

Byars-Winston, A. (2010). The Vocational Significance of Black Identity: Cultural Formulation Approach to Career Assessment and Career Counseling. Journal of Career Development, 30(1).

Byars-Winston, A.M., Branchaw, J., Pfund, C., Leverett, P., and Newton, J. (2015). Culturally Diverse Undergraduate Researchers’ Academic Outcomes and Perceptions of Their Research Mentoring Relationships. Int. J. Sci. Educ. 37, 2533-2554.

Byars-Winston, A., & Butz, A. R. (2021). Measuring Research Mentors’ Cultural Diversity Awareness for Race/Ethnicity in STEM: Validity Evidence for a New Scale. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 20(2), ar15.

Byars-Winston, A., &  Fouad, N. (2006, March). Metacognition and Multicultural Competence: Expanding the Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling Model. Career Development Quarterly, 54, 187-201. 

Byars-Winston, A., Leverett, P., Benbow, R. J., Pfund, C., Thayer-Hart, N., and Branchaw, J. (2019). Race and ethnicity in biology research mentoring relationships. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. Advance online publication.

Byars-Winston, A., & Rogers, J. G. (2019). Testing intersectionality of race/ethnicity × gender in a social–cognitive career theory model with science identity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 66(1), 30–44.

Byars-Winston, A., Rogers, J., Branchaw, J., Pribbenow, C., Hanke, R., and Pfund, C. (2016). New Measures Assessing Predictors of Academic Persistence for Historically Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Undergraduates in Science. CBE Life Sciences Education, 15(3), ar32. 

Dunn, K., Handlesman, J., and Byars-Winston, A. (2015, April 1). Encouraging Women and Minorities In STEM Fields [radio interview]. K.P. Whaley, Producer. Wisconsin Public Radio. Retrieved from internet. 

House, S.C., Spencer, K.C., and Pfund, C. (2018). Understanding how diversity training impacts faculty mentors’ awareness and behavior. International Journal of Mentoring and Coaching in Education, 7(1), 72-86.

Pfund, C., Byars-Winston, A., Branchaw, J.L., Hurtado, S., and Eagan, M.K. (2016). Defining Attributes and Metrics of Effective Research Mentoring Relationships. AIDS AND BEHAVIOR, 20.

Pfund, C., Sorkness, C.A., Byars-Winston, A., and Thomas, S.B. (2015, March). In Reply to Chang and colleagues. Academic medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. PMID: 25710215 

Womack, V.Y., Thakore, B.K., Wod, C.V., Jewett, D.C., Jones, R.F., Ingram, S.L., Clark, J.A., Fry, C.L., Wecker, L., and McGee, R. (2020). The ASPET Mentoring Network: Enhancing Diversity and Inclusion through Career Coaching Groups within a scientific society. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 19(3).

Womack, V. Y., Wood, C. V., House, S. C., Quinn, S. C., Thomas, S. B., McGee, R., & Byars-Winston, A. (2020). Culturally aware mentorship: Lasting impacts of a novel intervention on academic administrators and faculty. PLoS ONE, 15(8).

Mentorship Education

Abedin, Z., Biskup, E., Silet, K., Garbutt, J. M., Kroenke, K., Feldman, M. D., McGee, Jr, R., Fleming, M., and Pincus, H. A. (2012). Deriving Competencies for Mentors of Clinical and Translational Scholars. Clinical and Translational Science, 5(3), 273–280.

Asquith, P., Hulland, C., and Hartenbach, E.M.. (2019). Ob-Gyn Faculty Mentoring Handbook: A guide to best practices in mentoring. University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Balster, N. J., Pfund, C., Rediske, R., and Branchaw, J. L. 2010. Entering Research: A course that creates community and structure for beginning undergraduate researchers in the STEM disciplines. CBE Life Sciences Education, 9: 108-118

Branchaw, J., Pfund, C. and Rediske, R. 2010. Entering Research: Workshops for Students Beginning Research in Science. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Branchaw, J., Guerrero, L., and Pfund, C. (2020). Interventions to Optimize Mentoring Relationships for Diverse Biomedical Researchers. Understanding Interventions, 11(1). 

Butz, A., Branchaw, J., Pfund, C., Byars-Winston, A., Leverett, P. (2018). Promoting STEM Trainee Research Self-Efficacy: A Mentor Training Intervention. Understanding Interventions Journal, 9(1).

Diggs-Andrews, K. (2019). Improving Research Mentoring Relationships. American Association of Physical Anthropologists 88th Annual Meeting.

Fleming, M., House, S., Shewakramani, V., Yu, L., Garbutt, J., McGee, R., Kroenke, K., Abedin, Z., and Rubio, D. M. (2013). The Mentoring Competency Assessment: Validation of a New Instrument to Evaluate Skills of Research Mentors. Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 88(7), 1002–1008. 

Handelsman, J., Pfund, C., Miller Lauffer, S., and Pribbenow, C.M. (2005). Entering Mentoring: A Seminar to Train a New Generation of Scientists.Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

House, S.C., McDaniels, M., Spencer, K.C., Utzerath, E., and Pfund, C. (2020). The NRMN Master Facilitators Initiative: Building a Community of Practice to Broaden Program Implementation. Understanding Interventions, 11(1). 

Lee, S., Pfund,C., Branchaw, J., and McGee, R. (2016). “Mentoring Up: Learning to Manage Your Mentoring Relationships” In The Mentoring Continuum: From Graduate School Through Tenure. Glenn Wright, ed. Syracuse, NY: The Graduate School Press of Syracuse University.

McDaniels, M., Pfund, C., and Barnicle, K. (2016). Creating Dynamic Learning Communities in Synchronous Online Courses: One Approach from the Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning (CIRTL). Online Learning, 20(1)

Pfund, C. (2019). Improving Mentoring Relationships in Science: Mentors Need Mentors. Scientia.

Pfund C., Brace C., Branchaw J., Handelsman J., Masters K., Nanney L. Mentor Training for Biomedical Researchers. (2013). Pfund C. and Handelsman J., eds. Entering Mentoring Series.

Pfund, C., Branchaw, J. and Handelsman, J. (2015). Entering Mentoring 2nd Edition. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Co.; Pfund C. and Handelsman J., eds. Entering Mentoring Series.

Pfund, C., House, S.C., Asquith, P., Fleming, M.F., Buhr, K.A., Burnham, E.L., Gilmore, J.M.E., Huskins, W.C., McGee, R., Schurr, K., et al. (2014). Training mentors of clinical and translational research scholars: a randomized controlled trial. Acad. Med. J. Assoc. Am. Med. Coll. 89, 774.

Pfund C., House S., Asquith P., Spencer K., Silet K., and Sorkness C. (2012). Mentor Training for Clinical and Translational Researchers. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Co.; Pfund C. and Handelsman J., eds. Entering Mentoring Series.

Pfund, C., House, S., Spencer, K., Asquith, P., Carney, P., Masters, K.S., McGee, R., Shanedling, J., Vecchiarelli, S., and Fleming, M. (2013). A research mentor training curriculum for clinical and translational researchers. Clin. Transl. Sci. 6, 26-33.

Pfund, C., Pribbenow, C., Branchaw, J., Miller Lauffer, S. and Handelsman, J. 2006. The merits of training mentors. Science 311:473-474.

Pfund, C., Spencer, K.C., Asquith, P., House, S.C., Miller, S., and Sorkness, C.A. (2015). Building National Capacity for Research Mentor Training: An Evidence-Based Approach to Training the Trainers. CBE-Life Sci. Educ. 14, ar24.

Rogers, J., Branchaw, J., Weber-Main, A.M., Spencer, K., and Pfund, C. (2020). How much is enough? The Impact of Training dosage and Previous Mentoring Experience on the Effectiveness of a Research Mentor Training Intervention. Understanding Interventions, 11(1). 

Rogers, J., Sorkness, C. A., Spencer, K., and Pfund, C. (2018). Increasing research mentor training among biomedical researchers at Clinical and Translational Science Award hubs: The impact of the facilitator training initiative. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science, 2(3), 118-123.

Sorkness, C.A., Pfund, C., Asquith, P., and Drezner, M.K. (2013). Research mentor training: initiatives of the University of Wisconsin Institute for Clinical and Translational Research. Clin. Transl. Sci. 6, 256.

Sorkness, C., Pfund, C., Ofili, E., Okuyemi, K., Vishwanatha, J., Zavala, M.E., Pesavento, T., Fernandez, M., Tissera, A., Deveci, A., Javier, D., Short, A., Cooper, P., Jones, H., Manson, S., Buchwald, D., Eide, K., Gouldy, A., Kelly, E., Langford, N., McGee, R., Steer, C., Unold, T., Weber-Main, A.M., Báez, A., Stiles, J., Pemu, P., Thompson, W., Gwathmey, J., Lawson, K., Johnson, J., Hall, M., Paulsen, D., Fouad, M., Smith, A., Luna, R., Wilson, D., Adelsberger, G., Simenson, D., Cook, A., Feliu-Mojer, M., Harwood, E., Jones, A., Branchaw, J., Thomas, S., Butz, A., Byars-Winston, A., House, S., McDaniels, M., Quinn, S., Rogers, J., Spencer, K., Utzerath, E. (2017). A New Approach to Mentoring for Research Careers: Training in the National Research Mentoring Network. BioMed Central Proceedings. 11 (Suppl 12):14. PMCID: PMC5773914

Spencer, K. C., McDaniels, M., Utzerath, E., Rogers, J. G., Sorkness, C. A., Asquith, P., and Pfund, C. (2018). Building a Sustainable National Infrastructure to Expand Research Mentor Training. CBE Life Sciences Education, 17(3), ar48.

Mentoring in the Time of COVID

Scientific Workforce Development

Butler, J., Fryer, C. S., Ward, E., Westaby, K., Adams, A., Esmond, S. L., Garza, M.A., Hogle, J.A., Scholl, L.M., Quinn, S.C., Thomas, S.B., and Sorkness, C. A. (2017). The Health Equity Leadership Institute (HELI): Developing workforce capacity for health disparities research. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science, 1(3), 153–159. 

Davis SM, Singh H, Weismann CM, Bankston A, Ruiz Villalobos JP.  (2020) Actionable recommendations from trainees to improve science training. Elife. 2020;9:e59806. 

Guerrero, L. R., Ho, J., Christie, C., Harwood, E., Pfund, C., Seeman, T., McCreath, H., Wallace, S. P. (2017). Using collaborative approaches with a multi-method, multi-site, multi-target intervention: evaluating the National Research Mentoring Network. BMC proceedings, 11(Suppl 12), 14.

Hitchcock, P., Mathur, A., Bennett, J., Cameron, P., Chow, C., Clifford, P., Duvoisin, R., Feig, A., Finneran, K., Klotz, D.M., Mcgee, R., O’Riordan, M., Pfund, C., Pickett, C., Schwartz, N., Street, N.E., Watkins, E., Wiest, J., and Engelke, D. (2017). Point of View: The future of graduate and postdoctoral training in the biosciences. eLife, 6

Koroshetz, W.J., Beherman, S., Brame, C.J., Branchaw, J.L., Brown, E.N., Clark, E.A., Dockterman, D., Elm, J.J., Gay, P.L., Green, K.M., Hsi, S., Kaplitt, M.G., Kolber, B.J., Kolodkin, A.L., Lipscombe, D., MacLeod, M.R., McKinney, C.C., Munafò, M.R., Oakley, B., Olimpo, J.T., Percie du Sert, N., Raman, I.M., Riley, C., Shelton, A.L., Uzzo, S.M., Crawford, D.C., and Silberberg, S.D. (2020). Research Culture: Framework for advancing rigorous research. Elife, 9, e55915.

McGee, R. (2016). “Biomedical Workforce Diversity: The Context for Mentoring to Develop Talents and Foster Success within the ‘Pipeline.’” AIDS and Behavior, 20(Suppl 2), 231–237. 

McGee, Jr, R., Saran, S., and Krulwich, T.A. (2012). Diversity in the Biomedical Research Workforce: Developing Talent. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine, 79(3). 

Vishwanatha J, Pfund C, Ofili E, Okuyemi K. NIH’s mentoring makes progress. Science. 2016. Nov 18;354(6314):840-841. PubMed PMID: 27856873.

Wood, C. V., Campbell, P. B., and McGee, R. (2016). ‘An Incredibly Steep Hill’: How Gender, Race, And Class Shape Perspectives On Academic Careers Among Beginning Biomedical PhD Students. Journal of women and minorities in science and engineering, 22(2).